Al-Maslahah

Al-Maslahah (ISSN: 1907-0233, E.ISSN: 2502-8367) is a scientific journal in the fields of syari’ah that published by Syari’ah Faculty. Pontianak State Institute of Islamic Studies. This journal contains the masterpiece of professional writers and researchers. The vission of the journal is to be qualified Syari'ah journal either locally or internationally level. Meanwhile, the mission of Al-Maslahah is disseminating professional ideas of Syari'ah study to lectures, researcher, and those who have concern of this field. This journal warmly welcomes contribution from scholars and experts of related disciplines. Al-Maslahah is published biannually i.e. June and December.

 

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  1. Abstract: The Legacy Distribution in Melayu Billateral and Its Relevance in Mashalah Mursalah Theory. With the existence of kinship system in Indonesia which generally divided into three system, patrilineal, matrilineal and bilateral. Therefore, differences occurred in provisions legacy distribution that implement in each system. In hereditary system of Melayu Sambas applied bilateral system, whereas each heir whether man or woman earn inheritance rights from its elder. The legacy distribution conducted by Sambas people practiced equal (1:1) especially between boy and girl. This research is a qualitative research using descriptive analytical method. This study analyze the legacy distribution of Melayu Sambas people and its relevance in mashalah mursalah theory, and what cause the distribution practiced 1:1 also these correlation distribution 1:1 alongside Islam law. Keywords: Billateral Heir, Legacy, Maslahah Mursalah. Abstrak: Pembagian waris Bilateral Melayu Sambas dan Relevansinya Dalam Teori Maslahah Mursalah. Adanya sistem kekerabatan yang ada di Indonesia yang secara umum terbagi menjadi tiga sistem, patrilineal, matrilineal dan bilateral maka terdapat perbedaan dalam ketentuan pembagian harta peninggalan yang berlaku bagi masing-masing sistem keturunan tersebut. Masyarakat Melayu Sambas dalam sistem keturunannya menganut sistem bilateral dimana setiap ahli waris baik laki-laki maupun perempuan mendapatkan hak warisan dari pewaris. Pembagian harta peninggalan yang di lakukan oleh masyarakat Sambas menerapkan sama rata (1:1) khususnya antara anak laki-laki dan perempuan. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian bersifat kualitiatif dengan menggunakan metode eksplanatoris. Tulisan ini menganalisis pembagian harta peninggalan masyarakat Melayu Sambas dan relevansinya dalam teori maslahah mursalah, dan mengapa pembagian yang dilakukan menerapkan 1:1 serta kolerasi pembagian 1:1 ini dengan hukum Islam. Kata Kunci: Pembagian, Maslahah Mursalah, Waris Bilateral,.
  2. This paper discusses the construction of residential houses that are in accordance with sharia principles, both in the art and science of designing and making construction of buildings and residences, which are then called architectural fiqh. Apart from paying attention to architecture, housing construction must also pay attention to aspects of Islamic law. All this time, the study of architecture has focused more on Islamic architecture, but no one has studied architecture in the fiqh approach. So that through the fiqh approach a new study was initiated, namely fiqh architecture. The method used in this study is an empirical-normative method that analyzes qualitatively and prescriptive using the fiqh approach, conceptual approach and contextual approach to spatial architecture. The findings of this study indicate that the construction of houses so far only pay attention to aspects of architecture only, so the need for a fiqh and architecture approach (fiqh architecture), namely building houses in accordance with sharia signs such as aspects of worship, muamalah, neighboring manners and 'urf applicable in society. Through the approach of fiqh architecture, directing to build and maintain sharia dwellings that are in accordance with sharia maqashid, namely maintaining religion, soul, reason, descent, and property.
  3. This research is qualitative, the type of research is library research and uses a normative juridical approach. The data collection method used was a literature study. The results showed that; 1) The meaning of the rule (Ijtihad Does Not Cancel Other Ijtihad), namely the rule (Ijtihad Does Not Cancel Other Ijtihad) means that ijtihad cannot produce a product that has been implemented at a certain time and place, it cancels the legal product of an ijtihad result. at one time and another. 2) The validity of the principle (Ijtihad does not cancel other Ijtihad), namely the honesty of this principle can be seen from the existence of the arguments that legalize it. Starting from the hadith until then the consent of a friend, as we have stated, this can be noticed from a caliph 'Umar who did not annul or cancel his predecessor's opinion or ijtihad, namely Abu Bakr. 3) Implementation of the rule (Ijtihad does not cancel other Ijtihad), which can be seen from the examples in the literature that discuss al-Qawa'id al-Fiqhiyyah. This rule is valid as long as it does not violate or contradict the nas, consent, qiyas jaliy, the words of the 4 schools, and it is clear that the judge's error is the result of the law, cause, or method. Also, ijtihad must be equally strong, it cannot be just one of them, and finally, that the implementation of ijtihad has been legitimized by Fatwa or Qa ataupunā. So the implementation of this rule can be noticed in existing examples and this rule is not always able to be implemented or implemented, because several things have been mentioned regarding the exceptions regarding this rule.